Doctrine of The Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit is the third person of the Godhead. He is tempted (Acts 5:9). He can be grieved (Eph 4:30). He can be insulted (Heb 10:29). He can be lied to (Acts 5:3). The Holy Spirit is equal and of one essence with the Father and the Son (Matt 28:19; 1 Cor 12:4-6). He is eternal; He has no origin or ending. He was present in creation and is spoken of in prophecy (Gen 1:2; Rev 22:17). He was sent by God the Father and the Son (John 15:26; 16:7). His divine work involves convicting the unsaved and unbelieving world of sin, of righteousness and of judgment (John 16:7-9). During the apostolic period, the Holy Spirit uniquely instructed the apostles (John 14:26; 15:26). He empowered the apostles for service with special gifts (John 16:13-15; 1 Cor 12:8). He was the agent in the inspiration of Scripture (John 14:26; 15:26; 16:13-15; 2 Peter 1:21).
The Holy Spirit, today, is the down payment of the inheritance promised to believers. He identifies (seals) the believer as belonging to God (Eph 1:13). He indwells the believer (Rom 8: 9-11). The Holy Spirit gives insight and understanding to wisdom; that is, discernment of what is already explicated in the text, not an impartation of new revelation. He is active in the sanctification of the believer (Rom 8:29; Phil 1:6; 2 Cor 3:18). He is the restrainer of sin (2 Thess 2:6-8). The filling of the Holy Spirit is the work of sanctification whereby the believer submits to the insights of wisdom given by the Spirit in order to change him into the image of Christ. He gives power whereby the believer can honor God (Eph 1:19-23).